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Critiquing and Defending Utili


             People strive through all the hard work of their ordinary lives just to create a successful happy future for them and possibly others. Utilitarianism would be the main theory for creating good amongst every individual. Utilitarianism seemed appealing to me. I was thinking how creating happiness and good for myself and others is God's plan. I immediately had believed utilitarianism would be the theory for me. Through further examination I realized that there are just some idiotic rules to utilitarianism that violate the Law of Non-Contradiction or simply aren't just, but more on that later.
             Utilitarianism is a monistic, teleological theory of obligation. As a monistic theory, utilitarianism holds that there is but only one obligation; people must maximize utility. From a teleological stand point, actions are justified by the level of good that is brought about.
             David Hume (1711-1776) was a skeptic with an answer. He believed that "X" could not really be know in and of itself. David Hume says, "You can know your own mind and perceptions." With Hume's skeptical viewpoint, he basically proposed a theory later to be known as utilitarianism.
             Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) were the main reformers of the utilitarian principle. Both Bentham and Mill were active social and political reformers. The two men both wrote and campaigned in the aid of legislation. In order for a moral theory to function as a practical guide to social and political questions, as Bentham and Mill saw, that theory must be as objective as possible. Thus many twists and turns could arise from such a theory. First though utilitarianism needs to be broken down to achieve a plausible standing.
             In general, the term "utility" stands for whatever is taken to be intrinsically valuable on a utilitarian theory of value. Candidates for intrinsically valuable properties included such like pleasure, which would apply mainly with Jeremy Bentham and happiness, which is relevant to John Stuart Mill.


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